Few countries possess a folk music as rich and culturally varied as Canada's. Traditional folk music of European origin has been present in Canada since the arrival of the first French and British settlers in the 16th and 17th centuries (see Folk Music, Anglo-Canadian; Folk music, Franco-Canadian).
Oratorio performance (international repertoire). The history of oratorio performance in Canada may be said to date back to Good Friday, 1646, when a plainsong passion was sung at Quebec City, the first known performance of an extended Easter-season program to be given in Canada.
Anglo-canadianThe first musical references to appear in English-Canadian literature were to boat songs, sea shanties, and Indian chants, drums, and dances. Early literary efforts mention festive balls given in Quebec City and elsewhere, though the dance music itself was not described.
Hart House Orchestra. Chamber orchestra founded in July 1954 by Boyd Neel - then dean of the RCMT - along the lines of his famous English group, the Boyd Neel Orchestra. The 18 strings and 4 woodwinds of the new group were reduced ca 1957 to 13 strings, with supplementary players for specific works.
Hallmark Recordings Ltd. One of the earliest companies to concentrate on the recording of Canadian concert artists. It was established in 1952 in Toronto by Keith MacMillan, Bill Woods, John Gallagher, D'Alton Jolly, and John Mitchell to develop an experimental recording method devised by Woods.