The Caribbean community in Toronto, Ontario, organized this carnival for the first time in 1967 under the name Caribana as part of Canada’s Centennial celebrations. It has since grown into a major summer event, drawing nearly two million people to the city every year. Since 2015, the official name of the festival has been the Toronto Caribbean Carnival, although it is still commonly referred to as Caribana by many.
Jazz City (formally, Jazz City International Jazz Festival 1980-90, du Maurier Ltd Jazz City, as of 1991). It was established by the Edmonton Jazz Society in 1980 under the direction of Marc Vasey in response to an initiative from Alberta Culture on the occasion of the province's 75th anniversary.