Alexander Mackenzie party reached the Pacific via the Bella Coola River, the first explorer to complete the journey overland. Though a physical triumph, Mackenzie's achievement failed to provide the fur traders with a viable route.
1996Gretzky Joins Rangers
Wayne Gretzky announced that he would join former Oiler teammate Mark Messier and play for the New York Rangers, after an unsuccessful stint with the St Louis Blues. It was his third team in a year.
1667Treaty of Breda
The Treaty of Breda provided for French restoration of the English part of the island of St Christopher's, West Indies, in exchange for Acadia, captured from the French in 1654.
1881Birth of Roberta MacAdams
Politician Roberta MacAdams was born in Sarnia, Ontario. MacAdams was one of the first women to be elected to a legislature in the British Empire. She was also the first woman to introduce and move a bill. MacAdam’s legislation legally acknowledged veterans’ organizations after the First World War.
1924Birth of Lynn Williams
Union leader Lynn Williams, who became one of the few non-US citizens to lead a major US union, was born at Springfield, Ont.
1972CRTC Grants Licence to Global
The CRTC granted a licence to Global to operate a TV network in southern Ontario.
1836First Railway Opens in Canada
Canada's first railway, the Champlain and St Lawrence Railroad, officially opened; it began operations on July 25. The railway heralded the most important change in transportation in Canadian history.
2017Death of Kenny Shields
Kenny Shields, lead singer of the hard-rock band Streetheart, died in Winnipeg, Manitoba, at age 69. Streetheart formed in Regina, Saskatchewan, in 1976, and soon relocated to Winnipeg, becoming a fixture of the city’s music scene. The band performed and recorded until the mid-1980s, enjoying significant popularity in Canada and winning a Juno Award. Shields later went on to perform under his own name was inducted, with Streetheart, into the Western Canadian Music Hall of Fame in 2003.
1988Canadian Multiculturalism Act
The Progressive Conservative government of Brian Mulroney passed the Canadian Multiculturalism Act, which formalized the government's commitment to "promote the full and equitable participation of individuals and communities of all origins in the continuing evolution and shaping of all aspects of Canadian society.”
1988War Measures Act Revoked
The War Measures Act was revoked and replaced with the Emergencies Act, which prohibits discriminatory emergency orders, permits Parliament to override the emergency orders of the government, requires an inquiry into the actions of the government after any emergency and provides for compensation to the victims of government actions.
1814Destruction of the First Sault Ste. Marie Canal
The first Sault Ste. Marie canal was built in 1798 by the North West Company to bypass the river's fierce rapids. In 1814, it was destroyed by invading American forces.
1926Birth of Norman Jewison
Film director and producer Norman Jewison, who has an international reputation as a filmmaker of talent and integrity, was born at Toronto.
1812Company of "Coloured" Troops Commissioned
In the summer of 1812, Black Loyalist Richard Pierpoint petitioned the government of Upper Canada to raise a company of Black troops to help protect the Niagara frontier. After some debate, the government agreed. A company of Blacks was formed under the command of a White officer, Captain Robert Runchey Sr.