Edward Cornwallis arrived in Chebucto harbour in advance of 2,567 settlers. Work began on the town of Halifax, which replaced Annapolis Royal as the capital of Nova Scotia and established a strong British foothold in Nova Scotia.
1900Birth of Edward Rogers
Broadcasting pioneer Edward Rogers, whose alternating-current radio tube revolutionized the home radio-receiver industry throughout the world, was born at Toronto.
1942Birth of Jeannette Lavell
Aboriginal Jeannette Lavell, who married a non-Indian and lost her legal status as an Indian, which led to censure of Canada by international human-rights groups, was born at Wikwemikong, Ont.
1940National Resources Mobilization
The National Resources Mobilization Act responded to the public clamour for a more effective Canadian war effort that arose in the wake of the stunning German victories in Belgium and France.
1940Conscription Act Passed
Parliament passed the National Resources Mobilization Act, providing for the conscription of able-bodied men for home defence. It was amended in 1942 by Bill 80, giving the government power to conscript for overseas service.
1952Death of Wilfrid May
Wilfrid Reid May, airman, died in Provo, Utah. May was a novice pilot on the Western Front during the First World War. He was being hotly pursued by Manfred von Richthofen when the "Red Baron" was killed on 21 April 1918.
1919Winnipeg Strike Confrontation
A Mounted Police troop charged a demonstration of strikers in Winnipeg. Two strikers were killed and 20 were wounded.
1957Fairclough First Minister
Ellen Louks Fairclough was the first woman to be appointed to the federal Cabinet.
1764<i>Québec Gazette</i> Published
The first edition of the Québec Gazette/La Gazette de Québec was published, by William Brown and Thomas Gilmore.
1957Diefenbaker Sworn In
John Diefenbaker was sworn in as prime minister.
2015Death of Dave Godfrey
Writer and publisher Dave Godfrey died in Victoria, BC, at the age of 76. Perhaps best remembered as one of the driving forces behind the pioneering nationalism of Canadian publishing in 1960s and 70s, the Winnipeg native energetically dedicated himself to various enterprises over the course of his life, co-founding the House of Anansi Press, winning a Governor General's Literary Award, starting a software company and later becoming a vintner.
1734Angélique Tortured and Hanged
Marie-Joseph Angélique allegedly set fire to her master's Montréal house and destroyed nearly 50 homes. She was tortured and hanged as an object lesson for all Blacks.
2013Peacekeeping in Haiti
Canadian troops joined the international peacekeeping mission in Haiti for a six-month rotation. Only 34 personnel were sent and the mission received little government publicity, symbolizing the strained relationship between Canada and the United Nations. The Canadian contingent was embedded with Brazilian peacekeepers, the largest contributor to the Haiti mission.
1899Treaty No. 8
Cree, Beaver, Chipewyan and Slavey First Nations ceded territory south and west of Great Slave Lake in northern Alberta to the federal government in Treaty No. 8.
1902Longest BC Legislative Session Closes
The BC legislative session closed after 121 days (a total of 102 sitting days), the longest session since Confederation.
Beloved Québec crooner and television personality Pierre Lalonde died in Montréal at age 75. Lalonde began his singing career at age four and started releasing music in the early 1960s. Having mastered English during his studies in the United States as a teen, he achieved success in Canada and across the border, where he performed under the name Peter Martin. In 2011, he was awarded the Québec National Assembly’s Medal of Honour.